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Traditional Greek Recipes

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In this Lesson you will Learn

  1. Which other cultures have impacted Greek cuisine?
  2. What are typical Greek ingredients?
  3. What are traditional Greek dishes and recipes?


The Mediterranean diet has received a lot of buzz lately for being one of the healthiest diets in the world. Traditional Greek cuisine—rich in vegetables, olive oil, beans, whole grains, seafood, and red wine—sets an excellent example for those wishing to benefit from the Mediterranean diet's potential health benefits.1

Typical Ingredients

Traditional Greek cuisine reflects its long history, beginning with Ancient Greece's reliance on seafood, olives and olive oil, and local vegetables.

When Greece came under Roman and then Ottoman rule, a variety of new ingredients were introduced to the Greek cuisine, including rice, new spices, eggplant, cane sugar, beans, yogurt, and coffee. The use of phyllo dough and the practice of stuffing vegetables/grape leaves can also be traced back to Ottoman influence.2 Today, meat, particularly lamb, pork, and goat is becoming more plentiful in the Greek diet.1

Fruits and vegetables grown in Greece include lemons, apricots, dates, figs, grapes, peppers, tomatoes, zucchini, eggplants, onions, spinach, and artichokes. Beans, particularly broad beans, chickpeas, and kidney beans, are also used in a variety of dishes. Pasta (most notably orzo), bread, barley, and rice are common grains.

Greek dishes get much of their flavor from the plentiful use of olive oil, as well as salt, pepper, lemon, oregano, parsley, garlic, and dill. Goat and sheep cheese (most famously feta cheese) are other flavorful ingredients frequently included in a variety of Greek dishes.1

Traditional Greek Recipes

Appetizer: Dolmas
Dip: Skordalia
Dip: Tzatziki
Main Dish: Spanakopita (Spinach Pie)
Main Dish: Yemista (Stuffed Tomatoes and Vegetables)
Main Dish: Moussaka (Eggplant Casserole)
Main Dish: Lamb Souvlaki (Skewers)
Main Dish: Lamb Chops
Side Dish: Greek salad
Dessert: Baklava
Dessert: Loukoumades

Recommended Read

It's All Greek to Me

Transform Your Health the Mediterranean Way with My Family's Century-Old Recipes is perfect for anyone interested in the Mediterranean diet and traditional Greek recipes.

check it out »


  1. Greek Islands
  2. International Cuisine


  1. Greek cuisine has been influenced by the Romans and the Ottomans.
  2. Typical Greek ingredients: olive oil, feta cheese, phyllo dough, grape leaves, peppers, tomatoes, zucchini, eggplants, onions, spinach, beans, orzo, rice, and lamb.
  3. Traditional Greek dishes: dolmas, skordalia, tzatziki, spanakopita, yemista, moussaka, souvlaki, lamb chops, Greek salad, baklava, loukoumades
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